Advice For New Technical Artists

The life of a church tech is crazy. You’re the first to arrive and last to leave, get few days off and for less money than your secular counterparts. Despite that, I believe tech ministry is one of the most amazing ministries you can serve in. I’ve recently been asked for advice on starting a career as a church tech. Those who’ve asked have had varying skills, personalities, specialties and areas needing improvement, but all of them got the same advice from me.

First, church techs must become proficient in multiple, if not all of the tech disciplines of audio, video and lighting. Every tech has specialties and some are blessed with multiple specialties. Most churches however only have the budget to hire one tech and that person has to lead them all. Even in churches that can afford multiple, more specialized techs, being well versed in all disciplines makes you more effective, more valuable and better equipped to handle possible issues that could come your team’s way.

Second, be open to learning from those more experienced or knowledgeable. Many young artists struggle with being teachable. There are some seasoned artists who struggle with this too. Often we get a little bit of knowledge and we think we know it all. I’ve certainly had prideful moments, but when I’ve taken the opportunity to learn from those who know more than me, I benefit greatly and so does everyone around me. The best techs I’ve met have this trait. The other day I spoke with a well respected and seasoned sound guy who was experimenting with a new technique he learned from someone else. There is always something more or new to learn in the tech field, the trick is to stay open to learning it.

Last, create boundaries that will guard the hearts of you and your family. This may ruffle feathers, but it’s easy for ministry to overtake your life, mess with your family and kill your zeal for serving. One of the hardest things for me to learn was that I had to create boundaries to protect myself and family. For every church that has amazing leaders who are protective of their people, there are more that are just trying to get by and ask too much of their staff. Churches don’t burn people out on purpose, but ultimately it’s not the church’s responsibility to protect you and your family. A church’s top priority must be the whole ministry before each person. Your priority must first be you and your family and then your ministry.

Learn every discipline you can, take advantage of opportunities to learn more, and have healthy boundaries. For nearly 15 years now I’ve loved both serving in and leading Technical Arts ministries. I believe it’s a very noble calling, one that is increasingly critical in the church today. If you’ve been called to a ministry in Technical Arts, I believe and have experienced how these three things will help you be happy and successful as you serve your church and community.

Reposted with permission

Duke DeJong has been involved in live production for over 15 years and spent 10+ years in full time ministry, and in 2011 began serving as the Church Relations Director for CCI Solutions. You can find him online at www.dukedejong.com or on Twitter @dukedejong.

Common Acoustical Problems for Houses of Worship

Acoustics is arguably the single most important consideration for new and existing houses of worship. In order to effectively communicate the message through spoken word or music, a good acoustical environment is critical. Poor speech intelligibility or inadequate music reproduction can make it difficult for members of your congregation to receive and understand the message as it was intended to be heard.

Acoustics is a comfort factor. The acoustics of your space should be as important as, or even more important than, the lighting, heating, cooling, seat cushions, or any other design factor that affects comfort.

Oftentimes, the sound system is blamed for a poor sounding sanctuary. One might think that things will be improved by purchasing a bigger and/or newer sound system if they are not happy with the sound quality of their room. This is rarely the case. The equipment in your sanctuary will only be as good as the acoustic environment in which it is placed. You must address the acoustical properties of the room itself in order to solve the root of the problem.

There are some common acoustical problems that many houses of worship face. It is important to be aware of these problems and to understand how they can be avoided or remedied in your sanctuary.

Sound Isolation and Noise
Isolation can be defined as keeping outside sounds out and inside sounds in. Sound from the outside – such as from nearby roads, airports or train tracks – must be kept outside. If the house of worship is located in a residential neighborhood, you might also wish to keep your noise – from the service itself or from outdoor building equipment – from bothering the community.

Sources of noise include air conditioning, fans, lighting, highway traffic, air traffic, trains and footfall noise. Sound travels like water. Any little leak in the system and sound will find a way to escape. Typically, a construction approach is needed in order to add mass to the existing structure to isolate it.

Noise is best controlled by using sound transmission (sometimes called “soundproofing”) products during the construction phase. There are fairly common building materials that can isolate the room without adding a lot to the cost of construction. For example, simply doubling up on drywall on both sides of a wall or insulating interior walls can help with sound transmission issues. Sound isolation can be a tricky subject and acoustical professionals should be involved to determine the best course of action.

Reflected Sound
It is important to make sure that you strike an acoustical balance between the various applications used to communicate the message. For example, if a room is too reverberant, reflected sound will interfere with the spoken word – even though music might sound wonderful. If a room is not reverberant enough, musical factors such as “ensemble” of the performers and “envelopment” of the participants may suffer – even though speech is very well understood.

Controlling reflected sound is the key to making a worship setting sound good. Absorption of sound waves can be accomplished through common room features like curtains, carpet and even the people in the pews. Diffusion is provided by anything that breaks up a parallel surface and directs sound waves in different directions. The placement of wall d├ęcor like window trim and statuettes are sometimes enough to provide adequate diffusion, depending on the style of worship. While these common room features help control acoustic anomalies, they are typically not enough and acoustical panels are usually needed to properly treat a house of worship.

Absorbers make a room more “dead” acoustically by absorbing and trapping sound energy in high-density fiberglass or other fibers. Absorption is an important element of speech intelligibility because it reduces the reflected energy that can mask spoken word.

Redirectors interrupt parallel surfaces to prevent reflection. Redirection is often helpful in the choir area to allow the singers to hear themselves and each other. Redirectors range from angled sheets of painted plywood mounted to the wall to the popular convex half-barrels and pyramidal prefabricated panels.

Diffusors accomplish accurate redirection of sound energy with complex surfaces. These highly engineered surfaces evenly distribute sound and create a sense of warmth or envelopment to the room. Diffusion can also make a space sound larger and provide the same degree of high-quality sound to every person in the sanctuary. This contributes to eliminating hot spots or nulls.

Specifying the quantity, size and placement of these materials is a science and acoustical professionals should be contacted in order to obtain the best treatment plan for your space.

Stage Resonance and Stage Volume
If your church has a live band, you may have heard this one before. A typical scenario is when the guitar player says that he cannot hear himself, so he turns his volume up. This is followed by the bass player turning up, the drummer playing louder, and so on. The result is drastically increased stage volume that can compete and interfere with the main sound system. Also, the audience suffers because the sound from the stage is excessive and can be annoying to some members of the congregation.

A large number of stages are built as hollow cavities. These cavities have a tendency to resonate (similar to a drum) and produce an audible tone. Hollow stages can cause a “muddy” sound where low frequency energy is dominating the room. This lingering low frequency energy can have a negative impact on speech intelligibility and cause music to seem unbalanced and unpleasant to listen to. Also, the walls and ceiling around the stage area are often neglected when it comes to acoustical treatment and are highly reflective surfaces.

Ways to improve this situation is to fill in the hollow cavity below the stage with standard insulation. Attacking the vibration at the source is also a great option. There are commercially available products that will “decouple” (similar to the shocks in your car) the vibrations caused by guitar amplifiers, subwoofers, and stage monitors that are directly connected to the stage.

Finally, selecting the proper amount and placement of absorption and diffusion panels for the stage area will also bring down the stage volume, resulting in a more pleasing acoustical environment.

Understanding these common acoustical problems will help you to make decisions for your church that will dramatically improve the experience for your congregation and allow you to effectively deliver the message.

Gavin Haverstick is the owner of Haverstick Designs, a full-service acoustical consulting firm specializing in architectural acoustics. From Religious Product News. Used by permission.